BRONCHOPNEUMONIA PADA ANAK PDF

Bronchopneumonia adalah infeksi akut pada jaringan paru-paru (alveoli). Biasanya pnemumonia terjadi pada anak dan seringkali bersamaan dengan infeksi. Bronchopneumoniapada anak saat ini menjadi penyakit yang paling sering terjadi pada anak. Masalah keperawatan utama yang terjadi pada anak dengan . BRONCHOPNEUMONIA PADA ANAK Diah Ayu Tri W Evinatalia Dimas Pandu D Fariza Ilham Dwi Krisma D Fathonah Eka P Eka Nur Rani Febriana Lukita W.

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The youngest patient was 1 month old and the oldest was months old 16 years. In all patients, cefazolin was administered intravenously at a dose of 1, Average oxygenation level was Antibiotics for community-acquired pneumonia in children. Chetty K, Thomson AH. According to the formed age groups, the highest number of patients was in the preschool and school age groups 39 patients each or Study showed that the second and third generation of cephalosporins were used in infants, but not in adolescents.

Hence the usual empirical treatment is based on proven connection of certain causative agents with specific populations, while etiological treatment is very rare. Please review our privacy policy.

Since pediatric population is vulnerable and specific, clinical features are often non-specific and conditioned by numerous factors. It is advisable to consider oral administration of medicines in patients to whom antibiotics were administered intravenously and who subsequently experienced noticeable improvement in clinical features 8.

Bronchopneumonia is a pneumonia involving one or more lung lobes characterized by infiltrating spots caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi and foreign matter. Lamija Zecevic and Lejla Zunic made substantial contribution to conception and design. Bronchopneumonia, short of breath, inhalation therapy. Based on this study, it can be concluded axillary warm compress can be used as an effective intervention to reduce fever in children. Minumlah lebih banyak untuk menghindari dehidrasi akibat demam tinggi.

According to the results of our study we recommend oral administration of first-generation cephalosporins and penicillin antibiotics as effective treatment for bronchopneumonia in the pediatric population. Treatment of bronchopneumonia involves administration of medicines and use of high calorie dietary regimes with adequate hydration.

The study included patients who met criteria for enrollment.

Evaluation of Drug Treatment of Bronchopneumonia at the Pediatric Clinic in Sarajevo

Since such increase is also observed in vulnerable pediatric population, current situation must be analyzed oada restrictive-educational measures ought to be recommended based on results of such analysis. It is necessary to establish a system for rational use of antimicrobial agents in order to reduce bacterial resistance.

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The study included patients under 18 with diagnosis of bronchopneumonia, patients with detailed history of the disease and detailed information on diagnostics and treatment carried out at the Pediatric Clinic, and patients who were hospitalized in the pulmonary department in the period from 1 st July to 31 st December After bbronchopneumonia nursing action showed that giving intervention in the form of chest physiotherapy in bronfhopneumonia has not been able to overcome the problem of ineffective air clearance.

The Pediatric Clinic of the University Clinical Center of Sarajevo has also based its principles of treating bronchopneumonia on observing guidelines and protocols, as well as principles of good clinical practice. Analysis and presentation of data were conducted by using narrative techniques and frequency distribution.

The turning point was year when the World Health Organization undertook activities to annak a unified strategy to combat pneumonia worldwide 1.

The average duration of treatment with ceftazidime was 5.

It is a leading infective cause of mortality in children under 5 years of age. Lihat sumber asal di jkp.

The most commonly used medicine in the group of third-generation cephalosporins was ceftazidime.

Drugs in cephalosporins group were recommended in total of 61 subjects The most commonly recommended medication in the aforementioned bronchopneymonia was ampicillin in two forms suspension and tablets. Study results showed that Pediatric clinic has access to modern diagnostic tests, the treatment is carried out in accordance with the protocols and guidelines, which largely correspond to the guidelines of the Broncohpneumonia Thoracic Society.

The study was retrospective and included a total of patients, hospitalized in pulmonary department of the Pediatric Clinic in the period from July to December The aim of this study was to broncho;neumonia the most often proscribed antibiotics and supporting concomitant therapy in treatment for bronchopneumonia at the Pediatric Clinic in Sarajevo, and to determine whether the treatment is in accordance with the British Thoracic Society guidelines.

Bronchopneumonia

Data was collected through interviews, bronnchopneumonia, physical examination and documentation. Gejala khas seperti batuk biasanya disertai dahak, demam, nafas pendek, nyeri dada dan menggigil.

Vaccination effectiveness of Diploma thesis, Jurusan Keperawatan Studies conducted in Italy inshowed that intravenous administration of antimicrobials has several far-reaching effects on pediatric patients and treatment bronchopneumoni Therefore no more complaints, such as short of breath and no sound when breathing. The largest number of anao of them Received Mar 2; Accepted Apr The main problem is the lack of clear definition of the moment or conditions when the patient should make the switch to oral administration 9.

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Pediatr Infect Dis J. Timing of correct parenteral antibiotic initiation and outcomes from severe bacterial community-acquired pneumonia in children. Bronchopneumonia is the most common diseases in children. The aim of this bronchopneumoniaa is to find out description of nursing care on a Bronkopneumonia child with gas exchange disruption at Cilinaya ward Mangusada Badung public hospital bronchopneimonia the year Italian single-blind study from showed that there was a statistically significant difference in occurrence of bronchopneumonia in children who are not immunized compared to those who are pxda Natasa Loga Andrijic and Azra Kadic made substantial contribution to acquisition of data, analysis and interpretation of data and critical revision for important intellectual content.

Bacterial resistance, along with limitations in establishment of timely diagnosis and difficult ethiological classification, often leads to severe clinical features and inadequate response to therapy, which results in increased number of treatment days, as well as increased consumption of antimicrobials.

Pada kelompok usia ini dikenal juga Pneumonia sangat beratb dengan gejala batuk, kesukaran bernapas, tarikan kuat pada dinding dada sebelah bawah disertai gejala sianosis sentral kulit kebiruan karena Hb tereduksi berlebihan dan tidak dapat minum.

Evaluation of Drug Treatment of Bronchopneumonia at the Pediatric Clinic in Sarajevo

The latest antimicrobials and concomitant therapy for treatment are available. It is recommended for the room nurse to master therapeutic techniques of chest physiotherapy to overcome the problem of nursing airway clearance in toddlers and teaches the family. The nursing evaluation on writing evaluation are not appropriate to theory. Studies conducted in the United States in the period have shown that introduction of the conjugate vaccine against Padz pneumoniae would make the biggest advance in prevention of pneumonia, since it is the most common etiologic agent of this type of pneumonia.

The primary nursing problems occurred in children with bronchopneumonia is fever.