It’s a model to describe large signal behaviour of a transistor, and start with the simple notion of two back to back diodes. For example the diodes seen at the two . It can be shown that (see S.M. Sze, Physics of Semiconductor Devices), therefore . where. More Complete Ebers-Moll Model. Model includes configurational. Ideal transistor model. Forward active mode of operation General bias modes of a bipolar transistor The Ebers-Moll model Saturation.

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It is mmoll greater than 50 for small-signal transistors, but can be smaller in transistors designed for high-power applications. A bipolar junction transistor bipolar transistor or BJT is a type of transistor that uses both electron and hole charge carriers.

The emitter current due to electrons and holes are obtained using the “short” diode expressions derived in section 4. By design, most of the BJT collector current is due to the flow of charge carriers electrons or holes injected from a high-concentration emitter into the base mosel they are minority carriers that diffuse toward the collector, and so BJTs are classified as minority-carrier devices.

Ebers-moll model of transistor

A cross-section view of a BJT indicates that the collector—base junction has a much larger area than the emitter—base junction. Retrieved from ” https: As shown, the term, xin the model represents a different BJT lead depending on the topology used.

In terms of junction biasing: July Learn how and when to remove this template message. The model contains two diodes and two current sources as shown in Figure 5. A History of the World Mmoll Industry. The parameters I E,sI C,sa F and a R are the saturation currents of the base-emitter and base collector diode and the forward and reverse transport factors. Typically, the emitter region is heavily doped compared to the other two layers, whereas the majority charge carrier concentrations in base and collector layers are about moeel same collector doping is typically ten times lighter than base doping [2].


Ebers Moll Model of a Bipolar Transistor – Electronics Area

For a figure describing forward and reverse bias, see semiconductor diodes. The junction version known as the bipolar junction transistor BJTinvented by Shockley in[11] was for three decades the device of choice in the design of discrete and integrated circuits.

For example, in the typical grounded-emitter configuration of an NPN BJT used as a pulldown switch in digital logic, the “off” state never involves a reverse-biased junction because the base voltage never goes below ground; nevertheless the forward bias is close enough to zero that essentially no current flows, so this end of the forward active region can be regarded as the cutoff region. Calculate the emitter efficiency, the base transport factor, and the current gain of the transistor biased in the forward active mode.

This variation in base width often is called the Early effect after its discoverer James M. The resulting reduction in minority carrier lifetime causes gradual loss of gain of the transistor. The current gain then becomes: The device thus loses all gain when in molo state. As shown in the diagram, the emitter current, I Eis the total transistor current, which is the sum of the other terminal currents, i. An increase in the collector—base voltage, for example, causes a greater reverse bias across the collector—base junction, increasing the collector—base depletion region width, and decreasing the width of the base.


Each semiconductor region is connected to a terminal, appropriately labeled: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the CE topology, an approximate h-parameter model is commonly used which further simplifies the circuit analysis.

Bipolar Junction Transistors

The saturation voltage equals: Sedra and Kenneth C. As well, as the base is lightly doped in comparison to the emitter and collector regionsrecombination rates are low, permitting more carriers to diffuse across the base region.

This allows thermally excited electrons to inject from the emitter into the base region. This applied voltage causes the lower P-N junction to ‘turn on’, allowing a flow of electrons mmoll the emitter into the base. Small changes in the voltage applied across the base—emitter terminals cause the current between the emitter and the collector to change significantly.

Bipolar junction transistor

To allow for greater current and faster operation, most bipolar transistors used today are NPN because electron mobility is higher than hole mobility. This model is based on assumption that base spreading resistance can be neglected. Early transistors were made from germanium but most modern BJTs are made from silicon.

The physical explanation for collector current is the concentration ebrrs minority carriers in the base region.