In , with the Industrial Revolution well underway, the engineer Ildefons Cerdà, author of the Plan for the Reform and Extension of. Ildefons Cerda (December 23, – August 21, ) was an urban planner originally trained as a civil engineer who left his job in the civil engineering. Constricted by its medieval walls, Barcelona was suffocating – until unknown engineer Ildefons Cerdà came up with a radical expansion plan.

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The length of each side would measure Please share it in the comments below or on Twitter using storyofcities. His plan for Barcelona underwent two major revisions; the second version, approved by the Spanish government at the time, is the one still recognizable in the layout of today’s Eixamplethough the low height of buildings and the gardens within every city block were soon dispensed with by politicians inclined to cave in to or perhaps even indulge in property speculation.

Originally, each manzana was to be built up on only 2 or 3 sides, with a depth of 20 metres and a height of 16 metres. Support Failed Architecture’s quality content and independent voice donate.

This page was last edited on 10 Septemberat Although in general terms his plan was realized, he died penniless, credited with a neighborhood that is a distant reflection of his initial intentions. Jardins de Flora Tristan. He became interested in politics and the study of urban planning. This unknown engineer was revolutionary in what he envisioned — but also in how he got there. Your email address will not be published.


Ildefons Cerdà station – Wikipedia

Retrieved 20 March In the process, he lost all his family’s inheritance and he died in a heavily indebted near-pauper, never having been ildefonw for his chief masterpiece, the design of Barcelona’s Eixample. With a density of inhabitants per hectare Paris had fewer than at the timethe rising mortality rates were higher than those in Paris and London; life expectancy had dropped to 36 years for the rich and just 23 years for the working classes.

Idlefons comments… Trouble loading? Yet its population ofstill lived in a tiny area, confined by its medieval walls.

Instead, many reclaimed courtyards appear as normative, dusty, hardscaped open plazas with few users. These days, Barcelona is consistently praised as an urban success story.

A visit to the manzana courtyards provides an offbeat tourist or local itinerary to a little-seen side of Barcelona.

Ildefons Cerdà – Wikipedia

Show 25 25 50 All. As there was no more land left inside the city walls, all kinds of inventions were used to build more lodgings — houses were ildefona being created on empty space.

Ildefons Cerda December 23, — August 21, was an urban planner originally trained as a civil engineer who left his job in the civil engineering service to begin working on a grid based plan that would come to be known as the Eixample. He joined the Corps of Engineers and lived in various cities in Spain before settling in Barcelona in and marrying Clotilde Bosch.

Ildefons Cerdà station

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He calculated the volume of atmospheric air one person needed to breathe correctly. Courtyard recovery locations within the Eixample neighborhoods. It subsequently selected Antonio Rovira y Trias and his radial centric design as the winning master plan. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

And yet, none of these ideas were well-received or appreciated in Barcelona at the time. Cholera alone killed more than 13, people between and The inside of an Eixample block.

Development of the Manzana Block from public to private. Views Read Edit View derda. His designs belie a network-oriented approach far ahead of his time. Traffic — in jldefons days, horse-drawn carts — was problematic too: Archived from the original PDF on 3 October The neighborhood as it stands, is functional, atmospheric and charming.

The streets would be built to a width of 20 metres with 5 meters dedicated on each side for pedestrians with the exception of Gran Via which was to be 50 metres wide and Passeig de Gracia which was to be 60 metres widewhile a district would be defined as a block self-sustaining unit with direct access to shops, services, markets and schools.