Mahatma Jyotirao Govindrao Phule wrote 16 books that contributed to the social awakening of the dontrodden masses who were subject to the. Mahatma Jyotirao Phule School. Started school years before independence. The ‘caste discrimination’ incident had a great impact on his. Jyotiba Phule was a 19th century social reformer who was a pioneer of women’s education in India. This biography of Jyotiba Phule provides.

Author: Mektilar Shakanris
Country: Solomon Islands
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Automotive
Published (Last): 5 December 2011
Pages: 94
PDF File Size: 20.68 Mb
ePub File Size: 17.51 Mb
ISBN: 972-8-74940-328-2
Downloads: 34350
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Doukasa

He saw the subsequent Muslim conquests of the Indian subcontinent as more of the same sort of thing, being a repressive alien regime, but took heart in the arrival of the British, whom he considered to be relatively enlightened and not supportive of the varnashramadharma system instigated and then perpetuated by those previous invaders.

Jyotiba Phule

But Jyotirao was firm and decided to continue the movement. November 28, Jyothirao Govindrao Phule was born in into a family that belonged to the agricultural Mali caste, traditionally occupied as gardeners and considered to be one of the vaishya varna in jyofirao ritual ranking system of Phulle.

Jotiba held that the Dussehra and Diwali festivals and the sanctity attached to Sunday, the gods Khandoba, Jotiba, Bhairoba, Mastands, etc. The common man is enslaved and does not desire to be free. Besides, even the theory that the Brahmins or the Aryans came from a foreign land to invade India is not very probable.

Who was Jyotirao Phule? | Who Is News, The Indian Express

The girls were taught reading, mathematics, geography, history, etc. After the decline of the Peshwas, a section of the Brahmin community in Maharashtra began seriously thinking about ways and means for overthrowing the British.

He is believed to be the first Hindu to start an orphanage for the unfortunate children. This biography profiles his childhood, activities, social work, writings and achievements.

Jyotiba Phule Biography – Childhood, Facts & Life Achievements

Being illiterate, they suffer losses in transactions and the educated are ever willing to dupe them in various ways. The growing popularity of the school motivated him to open more such schools.


Due to their expertise in growing and selling flowers, they took up the surname Phule or flower-dealer. The school started by him along with his wife Savitrirao initited a new jyotira of social reforms during the colonial times. As can be imagined, a wedding without a Brahmin priest was at the rime an- unheard-of event. The non-Brahmin masses in the villages, especially the farmers, cannot avail of education.

He was also much puhle by the atrocities meted out on the people in the name of caste.

He was persuaded to attend the local Scottish Mission High School, from where he completed his English schooling in The Brahmins being smaller in number than the people they conquered could dominate the masses verily by dividing them.

Membership to the Samaj was open to all irrespective of caste and class. Since they were ostracized by their community, they stayed in the home of their friend Usman Sheikh and his sister Fatima Sheikh, in whose premises the school was run. He dedicated his book to the people of America who were abolishing slavery. Emphasis was laid on fatherhood of God and brotherhood of man. Since he had been born into a so-called lower caste family, he had experienced the tortures and injustices rooting out of the caste system first hand.

He, along with his wife Savitribai Phule, opened the first school for girls in Jyoyirao from being a social activist and reformer, he was also a businessman. These include religion, the Varna system, ritualism, British rule, mythology, and the gender question, the jytirao of production in agriculture and the lot of the peasantry. He considered the British as relatively enlightened and liberal.

Jjotirao, he met Sadashiv Ballal Govande, jtotirao Brahmin, who remained his close friend throughout his life. He believed that they had instituted the caste system phupe a framework for subjugation and social division that ensured the pre-eminence of their Brahmin successors.

Govindrao Phule and Chimnabai Spouse: Jyotirao’s mother passed away when jyotirso was nine months old. Long before Mahatma Gandhi was given the title of Mahatma, there was another social reformer on whom the title of Mahatma was bestowed.


Who was Jyotirao Phule?

In the first part of the book he invoked Parshuram, because the latter is considered to have lived for million years, as stated by Brahmin scriptures. Jotiba ventures to build up a detailed history from the stories. Quick Facts Full Name: This article needs additional citations for verification. He was distressed by the inequalities and injustices prevalent in the Indian society and decided to fight for the right to equality for all irrespective of religion, caste or gender.

Ambedkar College of Commerce and Economics, Mumbai. Their proficiency in growing and arranging became well known and they adopted the name of Phule flower-man in place of Gorhe. He and his wife Savitrirao Phule battled for the education of girl students and opened a school in The terminology was later popularised in the s by the Dalit Panthers.

Phulee, it is essential to educate the public to free them from superstition and blind beliefs.

Drawing inspiration from the American struggle for independence, he thought deeply on humanitarian values of equality and freedom. Referring to the conditions prevailing at the time, Jotirao says in the book: Jyotirao attacked the orthodox Brahmins and other upper castes and termed them as “hypocrites”.

Inhe gave a concrete shape to his aspirations and opened the first ever school for girls. It cannot be said that he succeeded in the task for, the stories are full of improbable and strange facts.

As the academic and Marathi playwright G. In his book, Gulamgiri, he thanked them to make the lower caste realize they were worthy of human rights. I do not feel the need for a mediator when I worship, pray or meditate.

He urged the “peasants” and “proletariat” to defy the restrictions imposed upon them.